In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:

  • An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.
  • Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

 

There are three types of bullying:

  • Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Verbal bullying includes:
    • Teasing
    • Name-calling
    • Inappropriate sexual comments
    • Taunting
    • Threatening to cause harm
  • Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:
    • Leaving someone out on purpose
    • Telling other children not to be friends with someone
    • Spreading rumors about someone
    • Embarrassing someone in public
  • Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Physical bullying includes:
    • Hitting/kicking/pinching
    • Spitting
    • Tripping/pushing
    • Taking or breaking someone’s things
    • Making mean or rude hand gestures

Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology. Electronic technology includes devices and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.

Examples of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.

Cyberbullying is different because kids who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in person as well. Additionally, kids who are cyberbullied have a harder time getting away from the behavior.

  • Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone. It can happen any time of the day or night.
  • Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and distributed quickly to a very wide audience. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.
  • Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent.

Stopbullying.gov

A federal government website managed by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. It has resources to prevent bullying at different environments, as well as how to respond to bullying.

http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/index.html

Common Sense Media

An organization led by concerned parents and individuals with experience in child advocacy, public policy, education, media, and entertainment.

Resources for Kids and Teens

http://www.athinline.org/

http://www.nick.com/thebighelp/digital-citizen-hub-page.html

http://www.thatsnotcool.com/

http://pbskids.org/webonauts/

http://www.nsteens.org/

Resources for Parents

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/cyberbullying

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/sites/default/files/uploads/pdfs/k-5-familytip-cyberbullying.pdf (for elementary school K-5)

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/sites/default/files/uploads/pdfs/6-12-familytip-cyberbullying.pdf (for middle school and high school)

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/videos/5-ways-to-stop-cyberbullies-0

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/blog/bullying-is-everybodys-business

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/blog

Illinois State Board of Education Bullying Resources

http://www.isbe.net/recognition/html/bullying_resources.htm

National Education Association’s bully free resources and tool kits

http://www.nea.org/home/neabullyfree.html

National Crime Prevention Council

Advice for parents and adults dealing with bullying

http://www.ncpc.org/topics/bullying/bullying-/what-parents-can-do

Tips for parents on dealing with the problem of bullying between girls

http://www.ncpc.org/topics/bullying/bullying-/girls-and-bullying

PACER

Minnesota Parent Training and Information Center funded by U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs

http://www.pacer.org/bullying/resources/parents/